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完形填空竹在胸--教師招聘考試英語科目

來源:教師招聘網  時間:2019-12-17 14:46:26

A

John’s parents acquired the washer when he was a small boy. It happened during World War II. His family never __1__ a washing machine and, since gasoline was expensive, they could not __2__ trips to the laundry several miles away. Keeping clothes __3__ became a problem for young John’s household.

A family friend joined the army, and his wife __4__ to go with him. John’s family __5__ to store their furniture while they were away. To the family’s __6__, the friend suggested they use their Bendix. So this is how they __7__ the washer.

Young John helped with the washing, and across the years he __8__ a love for the old, green Bendix. But __9__ the war ended. When the friends came to take it back, John grew terribly __10__. His mother __11__ him and said. “You must remember, that machine __12__ belonged to us in the first place. That we ever got to use it at all was a gift. So, instead of being mad at it being taken __13__, let’s use this __14__ to be grateful that we had it at all.”

The lesson turned out __15__. Years later, John watched his eight-year-old daughter die a slow and painful death of leukemia (白血病). Though he __16__ for months with her death, John could not begin getting over from the __17__ until he remembered the old Bendix.

His daughter was a __18__. When he realized the simple fact, everything changed. He could now begin recovering from the death of his daughter. He started to see her as a marvelous gift that he was fortunate enough to __19__ for a time. He felt __20__. He found strength and recovery. He knew he could get through the valley of loss.

試題分析:文章通過講述作者童年時,失去了與之朝夕相處的洗衣機,以及作者中年為人父時,失去自己摯愛女兒的故事。告訴我們:人生中有很多寶貴的東西,但當他們失去的時候,不要沉浸在痛苦中,而要從痛苦中解脫出來,去迎接新的生活。

1.【答案】C。解析:考查動詞。A. required要求;B. repaired修復;C. owned擁有;D. saw看見;結合下一句“由于汽油很貴,他們家出不起開車去幾英里外的干洗店的汽油錢”可知,他們家從來不曾擁有(own)洗衣機,故選C。

2.【答案】A。解析:考查動詞。A.afford買得起;B.have有;C. take得到;D. ride騎;由于汽油很貴,他們家都負擔不起(afford)開車去幾英里外的干洗店的汽油錢,故選A。

3.【答案】B。解析:考查形容詞。A. good好;B.clean干凈;C.warm溫暖;D.nice美好的;所以保持衣服的干凈(clean)就成了小約翰一家人的一大難題,故選B。

4.【答案】D。解析:考查動詞。A.refused拒絕;B.agreed同意;C.considered考慮;D.prepared準備;他們家的一個朋友要去參軍,他的妻子將準備(prepared)隨行,選D。

5.【答案】B。解析:考查動詞。A.decided 決定;B. offered提供;C.expected期望;D.promised允諾;由上一句可知,朋友和妻子即將要走,于是John家主動(offered)幫助他們保存其家具,選B。

6.【答案】D。解析:考查名詞。A.regret后悔;B.excitement 興奮;C. sadness悲傷;D.astonishment驚喜;結合前后語境可知,軍人朋友表示他們可以使用洗衣機,他們就解決了洗衣服的困難,所以他們很驚喜(astonishment),故選D。

7.【答案】D。解析:考查動詞。A.used使用;B.bought 買;C.borrowed借;D. got得到;根據前文John’s parents acquired...中的acquire結合語境可知,這就是他們洗衣機的得來(got),可知選D。

8.【答案】B。解析:考查動詞。A.produced產生;B.developed發展;C.achieved得到;D.reduced減少;小約翰幫助洗衣服,經過多年,他逐漸的對那臺舊的綠色Bendix洗衣機產生(develop)了喜愛之情,故選B。

9.【答案】A。解析:考查副詞。A.finally最終;B. obviously明顯;C. peacefully和平;D.immediately立馬;由下一句“當朋友回來取回洗衣機時”,預料到最后(finally)戰爭結束了,選A。

10.【答案】A。解析:考查形容詞。A.upset灰心喪氣;B.hopeless無望;C.confused 困惑;D. frightened害怕;由下文可知當朋友回來取回洗衣機時,約翰變得特別的難過(upset),選A。

11.【答案】B。解析:考查動詞。A. encouraged鼓勵;B.comforted安慰;C.taught 教;D.explained解釋;看見兒子不高興,媽媽自然過來安慰(comforted)他,選B。

12.【答案】D。解析:考查副詞。A. once 曾經;B. already已經;C.hardly難的;D. never從不;你必須記住,那臺機器從最初就不曾(never)屬于我們,選D。

13.【答案】B。解析:考查副詞。A. down下來;B.away離開;C.out出去;D. up上來;所以不應該因為它被帶走而生氣,take away被帶走,故選B。

14.【答案】A。解析:考查名詞。A. chance機會;B.success成功;C.event事件;D.treasure 寶藏;結合語境可知,因為朋友參軍才把洗衣機留給約翰他們暫時使用,他們才有這樣一個機會(chance),故選A。

15.【答案】C。解析:考查形容詞。A.important重要;B.reasonable有理由;C. invaluable無價的;D. necessary必要的;根據后文是媽媽的話讓作者走出了失去女兒的痛苦的,可知媽媽的話是無價的(invaluable),故選C。

16.【答案】C。解析:考查動詞。A. thought想;B.missed想念;C.struggled掙扎;D.forgot忘記;由下一句可知,幾個月時間,他仍然無法從失去愛女的痛苦中掙扎(struggle)出來,故選C。

17.【答案】A。解析:考查名詞。A.loss失去;B.illness疾病;C. difficulty 困難;D. lesson課;根據后一句提示可知,他無法從這份損失(loss)中恢復過來,故選A。

18.【答案】C。解析:考查名詞。A.washer洗滌器;B. death死亡;C.gift 禮物;D. loser失敗者;由后文可知,他的女兒就是一份厚禮(gift),故選C。

19.【答案】C。解析:考查動詞。A. earn賺;B.spend花費;C.share分享;D. live生活;句意:他把女兒看作一份神奇的禮物,一份他足以幸運地曾經短時間地享有(share)的禮物,故選C。

20.【答案】B。解析:考查形容詞。A.happy快樂;B.grateful感激;C.relaxed放松;D.energetic精力旺盛的;根據最后一句:He knew he could get through the valley of loss.可知,他覺得他能夠度過痛失愛女的低谷。以及前文第三段語境...,let’s use this chance to be grateful that we had it at all.可知,他充滿感激(grateful)故選B。

(責任編輯:麥瀠丹)

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